A little everywhere in Senegal, representations of Amadou Bamba decorate the walls, the buses or the grocers. Born about 1850, this Toucouleurs made its studies of theology in Mauritania, from where it returned with the title of caliph. Its reputation of piety and wisdom was spread. Amadou Bamba was accused to disturb the law and order, and to put an end to agitation, they decided, in 1895, to deport him in Gabon. It was then authorized to return to Senegal, it was haloed of holiness. Its audience did not cease growing.